ERIC Number: ED369422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Bachelor's for Tenure: Analysis and Options. Fourth Draft.
"Bachelor's-for-tenure" is a requirement in the California Education Code specifying that community college vocational faculty hired on or after January 1, 1995 must have a bachelor's degree to receive tenure. The requirement is unusual among community colleges nationwide; of 10 states surveyed, none required a bachelor's for initial hire or tenure of vocational faculty. From 1986-87 through 1991-92, California community colleges hired 166 tenure-track faculty with less than a bachelor's. In this group, there were slightly higher proportions of Hispanics, African Americans, and American Indians than among other hires. Male hires were concentrated in trade and industrial fields, while female hires were mainly in cosmetology, child care, health fields, and business. The percentage of all present non-bachelor's faculty is less than 5% or 6% and declining. Non-bachelor's faculty hires are unlikely to pursue a degree, despite programs such as the California State University's bachelor's of vocational education degree. A number of organizations, including two major faculty unions, have urged the repeal of the bachelor's-for-tenure provision; though the statewide Academic Senate unanimously favors its preservation. The Chancellor's Office of the California Community Colleges has identified seven options regarding this provision: (1) continue the requirement with legal clarifications; (2) repeal the requirement; (3) modify the law to allow 6 years to complete the bachelor's; (4) adopt the bachelor's as a minimum employment qualification in technical disciplines; (5) adopt the associate degree as a minimum tenure requirement; (6) give local districts authority to establish equivalent qualifications; and (7) permit districts to employ non-bachelor's degree vocational instructors indefinitely as non-tenured, full-time faculty with year-to-year contracts. Includes Education Code Section 87615 and district data on tenure-track less-than-bachelor's hires. (ECC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.