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ERIC Number: ED369026
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Think Aloud Statements and Solutions of Dysphoric Persons on a Social Problem-Solving Task.
Mayo, Vicki D.; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko
This study examined the self-statements of dysphoric (n=13) and nondysphoric subjects (n=15) during an interpersonal problem solving task. After completing the Problem Solving Inventory (PSI), a 32-item self-report questionnaire, the subjects were individually shown a brief videotape depicting an interpersonal problem and asked to solve the problem while thinking aloud. The frequencies of five self-statement categories were recorded: (1) task relevant; (2) task-irrelevant; (3) emotion-focused; (4) problem focused; and (5) periods of silence. Although the dysphoric subjects rated themselves more negatively on the PSI with regard to their problem-solving abilities, they were able to generate as many effective solutions as the nondysphoric subjects. During problem solving, those with dysphoria used less problem-focused statements and more emotion-focused statements. The findings suggest that in treating dysphoric individuals, particularly with the goal of improving problem-solving skills, one should examine their self-statements and appraisals in relation to stressful life events. Proper training in the identification and usage of facilitating self-statements should also be incorporated into a treatment program as a means to promote more effective interpersonal problem-solving. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A