ERIC Number: ED369016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug-21
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Work Identity in Women's Adjustment to Divorce.
Bisagni, Gina M.; Eckenrode, John
This study explored the role of employment as a focus of identity in women's divorce adjustment. Based on data from 40 semi-structured interviews, four salient aspects of the worker's role were measured: (1) meaningfulness; (2) social interaction/support; (3) productivity; and (4) positive distraction. Work identity was associated with higher levels of self-esteem (n=.32, p=.05) and lower levels of distress (n=-.35, p=.03). These relationships remained significant with controls for job status, income, and education. Researchers employed scale items to measure present work identity while open-ended ratings in the interview revealed patterns of future-oriented work identity. For future-oriented women, current work was unrewarding but financially necessary in the search for a better career. Without an open-ended item, some women would have appeared unqualifiedly low in work identity. While work identity and work-related traits were linked, job desirability varied according to personal goals. There seemed to be an income threshold below which work could not buffer the deleterious effects of poverty, an issue that should be explored by using a more diverse socioeconomic cross-section. These results support the role of work identity in women's adjustment to divorce. (Contains 25 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Work Identity
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (101st, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 20-24, 1993).