ERIC Number: ED369014
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Maternal Separation Anxiety as a Determinant of Role Satisfaction.
Symons, Douglas K.
One of the dramatic changes in the North American family over the past 25 years has been the increase in women with young children working outside the home. This paper addresses cognitive factors related to maternal employment during the transitions to parenthood, factors related to different post-partum occupational profiles and the degree to which these factors predict a woman's satisfaction in her occupational/family roles when her children are two years of age. Studies have shown that elements of maternal separation anxiety influence employment decisions in the post-partum period. The researchers focused on the predictive value of maternal separation anxiety on role satisfaction two years later. Results indicate that Concerns About Separation Effects on the Child accounted for 36% of the variance of role satisfaction two years later. Trait anxiety did not moderate this effect. Women who are concerned about being away from their children, or worried over the alternative care their children will receive, end up less happy with their roles. Parity, marital status, prepartum employment status, postpartum employment status, and maternal age all had no apparent impact on the relation between these two variables. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (101st, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 20-24, 1993).