ERIC Number: ED369012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Alcohol on Intentions to Drink and Drive.
MacDonald, Tara K.; And Others
If people in a normal, baseline state are asked about certain behaviors, such as drinking and driving, they are likely to report negative intentions; however, the context within which intentions are assessed may significantly affect the relationship among attitudes, intentions, and behavior. Male undergraduates who completed a questionnaire about drinking and driving either while sober (n=23) or after consuming alcohol (n=22) reported similar negative intentions regarding questions such as "Would you drink and drive?" However, when a contingency such as "Would you drink and drive if you had only a short distance to go?" was embedded in the question, intoxicated subjects reported less negative intentions than sober subjects. These results are consistent with the term "alcohol myopia" (Steele and Josephs, 1990) which states that intoxication decreases cognitive capacity, so that people can attend only to the most salient cues. Intoxicated subjects may be focussing on excuses to drink and drive, discounting possible negative outcomes of the behavior. Differences in the environment or the physical, social, or emotional state of the individual can attenuate the observed relation between intentions and behavior. (Author/MSF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Fishbein (Martin); Fishbein Model of Attitudes; Theory of Reasoned Action
Note: Paper presented at the Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 20-24, 1993).