ERIC Number: ED368803
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Changing the Odds: Middle School Reform in Progress 1991-1993.
Lewis, Anne C.
Through its efforts in 12 middle schools in 5 cities, The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation's Program for Disadvantaged Youth is trying to challenge the assumption that certain children are uneducable. The first steps in this program were detailed in "Gaining Ground," which described the thoughts and hopes of educators in 1989 through 1991 as they began to plan to educate their students more effectively through the foundation's grants. This book reviews the second phase of the initiative, between 1991 and 1993. In the face of poverty, family and social instability, and violence, middle school reform is struggling to take hold, but it is slowly becoming reality. Project sites include: (1) two schools in Baltimore (Maryland); (2) two in Milwaukee (Wisconsin); (3) two in San Diego (California); (4) three in Louisville (Kentucky); and (5) three in Oakland (California). These years have been frustrating as well as exciting in project schools, which have been charged to focus on the three "high;" namely, high expectations, high content, and high support. This book presents not conclusions, nor recommendations, but rather impressions of the unfolding reform process. A list of resource organizations is included. (Contains 47 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change, Educational Planning, Elementary School Students, Grants, Intermediate Grades, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Parent Participation, Philanthropic Foundations, Poverty, Program Development, Program Implementation, School Restructuring, Social Problems, Urban Schools, Violence
Office of Communications, The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, 250 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10177-0026.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation; Reform Efforts