ERIC Number: ED368783
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Performance on Piagetian Tasks among Japanese and Anglo-American Children Six Years of Age Who Were Exposed to One Language and Two Languages.
Horgan, Noriko Saito; Hayes, Mabel
This study explored the extent of measurable differences in performance on Piagetian tasks among six year olds who are exposed to one or two languages. Subjects (N=120) were divided into four groups: (1) native English-speaking Anglo-Americans who live in the United States; (2) native Japanese-speaking Japanese who live in Japan; (3) native English-speaking Anglo-Americans who are exposed to Japanese and live in Japan; and (4) native Japanese speaking Japanese who are exposed to English and live in the United States. Nine null hypotheses were formulated to test for significant differences among the groups on the performance of three different Piagetian tasks which were individually administered. The F-test (p<.01), Q-test (p<.05), and t-test (p<.01) were used for underlying distribution of the test statistics. All subjects (Japanese and American) exposed to two languages performed significantly better on the three Piagetian tasks as compared to subjects exposed to one language. There were no significant differences in performance on the three Piagetian tasks between: (1) Japanese with one language/one culture and Anglo-Americans with one language; and (2) Japanese with two languages/two cultures and Anglo-Americans with two languages. Two tables are included. (Contains 68 references.) (Author)
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Bilingual Students, Children, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Developmental Tasks, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, English, Foreign Countries, International Studies, Japanese, Language Proficiency, Native Speakers, Performance, Piagetian Theory, Second Language Learning
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).