ERIC Number: ED368716
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Teachers' Workload and Associated Stress.
A sample of 570 Scottish classroom teachers, promoted staff, and senior management recorded the work they were doing for a full week, in 15-minute blocks of time. Respondents also recorded whether or not they felt stressed on that day and described the cause and symptoms of the stress. Results revealed that the mean working day was 7.89 hours, with 3 hours on the weekend. Over the whole week, teachers recorded a mean of 42.5 hours work (46.25 if non-workload break time is added). Administration of paperwork took up about a fifth of senior management time in secondary schools and less in primary schools. Meetings took up almost another fifth. Ninety-three percent of respondents reported at least one occasion of stress during the week. The longer the hours worked, the more stress occasions reported. Coping strategies included seeking support from family, friends, or colleagues or various hobbies/relaxation. On the Occupational Stress Indicator, teachers scored higher on the job-specific stress scale than any other group for which norms were available. Appendixes contain sample pages of a workload diary and demographic characteristics of the respondents. (Contains 24 references.) (JDD)
Descriptors: Administrators, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Workload, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Stress Management, Stress Variables, Teaching Load, Time Management, Working Hours
Scottish Council for Research in Education, 15 St. John Street, Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 8JR, United Kingdom.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Educational Inst. of Scotland, Edinburgh.
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education.