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ERIC Number: ED368195
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Influence of Gender on Compliment Exchange in American English.
Bolton, Sharon
This study examined the complimenting behavior of men and women in the United States by collecting a corpus of 90 compliment behaviors from television programs, ethnographic observation, and the author. It also explored the relationship between sociolinguistic research and teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL) in general and complimenting behavior and TESOL in specific. Results of the complimenting behavior study showed that women use compliments to each other significantly more often than they do to men or men to each other. Women also use a syntactic form that strengthens the positive force of the compliment significantly more often than men do, whereas men use a form that attenuates or hedges on compliment force significantly more often than women do. A review of six TESOL textbooks that emphasize communicative competence found that most textbook passages and dialogues focused on compliment exchanges between equals, and that most compliments concerned appearance, ability, or possessions. It was discovered that women received more compliments than men, that women gave more compliments than men, and that women of higher status received more compliments than men of higher status. A sample lesson plan on compliment behavior for TESOL classes is also included. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Compliments (Language)