ERIC Number: ED368101
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding Gifted Underachievers in an Ethnically Diverse Population.
Johnson, Nancy E.; And Others
Gifted underachievers (n=108) were compared to gifted high achievers (n=96). All children had Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Revised (WISC-R) IQ scores of 130 or greater, but underachievers were performing at or below the 50th percentile in at least one major area of achievement, whereas high achievers were at the 96th percentile or greater in three areas of achievement: language, math, and reading. Results of analysis of variance of achievement level X WISC-R subtests revealed significant differences in scores on four verbal subtests: Information, Similarities, Vocabulary, and Comprehension. High achievers had significantly higher verbal, but not performance, IQ scores than underachievers. However, comparison of the verbal IQ-performance IQ discrepancy distributions for the two groups revealed no significant differences, negating the idea that a large verbal/performance IQ discrepancy can be used as an indicator of risk for low achievement in gifted children. Analysis of gender, ethnicity, and risk revealed a greater concentration of non-Caucasian males with at least two risk factors in the underachieving group. Present findings are consistent with earlier findings concerning the importance and discriminating power of the Information subtest in distinguishing high versus underachievers. The findings indicate that gifted underachievers are not as motivated or interested in acquiring traditional factual information as high achievers. (Contains 242 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Discrepancy Analysis; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Revised)
Note: In: Saccuzzo, Dennis P.; And Others. Identifying Underrepresented Disadvantaged Gifted and Talented Children: A Multifaceted Approach. (Volumes 1 and 2); see EC 302 840.