ERIC Number: ED368096
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Use of the Raven Progressive Matrices Test in an Ethnically Diverse Gifted Population.
Saccuzzo, Dennis P.; And Others
The efficacy of use of the Raven Progressive Matrices Test (RPM) in the selection of gifted children from traditionally underrepresented groups was investigated in a large-scale study with a diverse population. A total of 16,985 subjects were given the Raven Progressive Matrices Test. These included 22.7 percent Latinos, 37 percent Whites, 14 percent African-Americans, 2.8 percent Asians, 8.4 percent Filipinos, and 5.6 percent Indochinese, each of whom had been identified as potentially gifted on the basis of a case study analysis by a school psychologist. The sample of children certified as gifted based on Raven performance was compared to a group certified as gifted based on individual administrations of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Revised (WISC-R), and to actual enrollment ratios of cultural subgroups for the school district. Findings support the position that the RPM is a more equitable test than the WISC-R for evaluating students from ethnically diverse populations, as well as for ensuring greater gender equity. (PB)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Aptitude Tests, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Culture Fair Tests, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Diagnosis, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Gifted, Intelligence Tests, Minority Group Children, Screening Tests, Sex Bias, Test Bias
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Raven Progressive Matrices; San Diego Unified School District CA; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Revised)
Note: In: Saccuzzo, Dennis P.; And Others. Identifying Underrepresented Disadvantaged Gifted and Talented Children: A Multifaceted Approach. (Volumes 1 and 2); see EC 302 840.