ERIC Number: ED368031
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Community/School Characteristics on Student Outcome: An Analysis of Report Cards on Schools.
Bobbett, Gordon C.; And Others
This report analyzes 1990-91 "report card" data for Tennessee's schools, making comparisons to earlier studies when appropriate. Of particular importance are the analyses of the relationships among 15 school district characteristics and mean student outcomes (scores from Tennessee's Comprehensive Testing Program and the Tennessee Proficiency Test) at the system, school, and grade levels. Findings showed that student attendance and free/reduced lunches are the factors most influencing achievement. At the system level, student attendance, expenditure per pupil, and percentage of Chapter 1 students had the greatest effect on student outcomes. Some school-level factors (percent student attendance, percent oversized classes, free/reduced lunches, and expenditure per pupil) and grade-level factors (percent student attendance, expenditure per pupil, percent career ladder teachers, and percent free/reduced lunches) demonstrated dramatic upward or downward shifts of influence. Together, the 15 district factors studied accounted for less than 50 percent of the total influence on achievement at any school level. Some highly regarded factors (percentage of oversized classes, average educator salaries, per capita income, percentage of enrollment change, and district size) had relatively little effect on student achievement. Conclusions and implications are provided, along with an executive summary, nine references, and seven appendices of data tables. (MLH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Atlanta, GA, April 12-16, 1993).