ERIC Number: ED367991
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Influencing Effective Writing.
Muccino, Mary Ann; And Others
Focusing on procedures and strategies suitable for teaching writing to students in grades 4, 6, and 8, this paper examines the factors that have been shown through research to influence effective writing. The paper divides the research examined into the categories of metacognition; socially-based writing strategies; theory-tested approaches to writing; technology; modeling and guided instruction; the reading/writing relationship; and situational factors. The paper concludes that: (1) metacognition received firm support; (2) socially-based writing strategies received mixed results; (3) those theory-tested approaches that incorporated instructional techniques were more effective in improving writing than those which did not; (4) word processing and instructional television improved the quality of student writing; (5) guided instruction and teacher modeling of writing seemed to have positive effects on students' writing; (6) studies investigating the reading/writing relationship supported, in varying degrees, the contention that instruction in reading skills improves writing ability; (7) allowing students to choose their own topics cannot be regarded as a factor which might influence effective writing; and (8) providing students the opportunity to write may be more important than providing instruction in how to write. The paper concludes with four recommendations for practice and four recommendations for research. (Contains 27 references.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Writing Contexts
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1986).