ERIC Number: ED367973
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Attitudes toward Reading of Western Kansas Students in Grades One through Six in a Selected School.
Rains, Navene N.
A study investigated the attitudes toward reading of Western Kansas students in grades 1-6. Of the 156 students in the sample, 45 participated in the study group while 111 constituted the control group. The independent variables were participation status, achievement in reading, gender, socioeconomic class status, intelligence test scores, and grade placement. The dependent variables were scores from the scales of the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (ERAS). Pretest scores from the scales of the ERAS were employed as covariant measures and included Attitudes toward Recreational Reading, Attitudes toward Academic Reading, and Total. Six composite null hypotheses were tested. A total of 18 comparisons were made; seven comparisons were significant. The significant findings included participation status, socioeconomic status, and grade level. Results indicated that students who participated in a reading program had significantly higher positive attitudes toward reading than those who did not, high socioeconomic class students had significantly higher positive attitudes toward reading than low socioeconomic class students, and fifth- and sixth-grade students had significantly lower positive attitudes toward academic and total reading than students in grades 1-4. Should the study be replicated, a larger sample should be used, schools of varying size should be included, all grade levels and different organizational structures and a different experimental design should be used. (Contains 30 references and 4 tables of data; letters requesting or granting permission, the ERAS instrument, instructions for administering ERAS, validity and reliability of the ERAS, demographic sheets, and a discussion of the treatment are attached.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M.S. Thesis, Fort Hayes State University.