ERIC Number: ED367919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug-18
Reference Count: N/A
Learned Effectiveness: An Empirical Validation.
Wells, Tracey L.
All too often when issues arise concerning the "underclass," African Americans, and more specifically African American males are disproportionately represented in that description. Black males have been referred to as endangered in areas of education, economics, health and overall self-efficacy. This data would suggest hopelessness in the black male's ability to overcome the multiple obstacles which an oppressive society have placed before him. However, it may be argued that within the context of oppression there are strengths, within the individual and community, which serve as mediating factors and all the African American male to overcome the obstacles which put him at risk. This has been thought of in contemporary terms as self-efficacy. Though this construct is useful, it is limited in scope. By definition, it involves the capability to organize and integrate cognitive, social and behavioral skills into courses of action to serve innumerable purposes. A more culturally appropriate term to define the mechanism through which the black male copes with oppression may be "learned effectiveness." This construct may be defined as an integration of one's sense of self (self-efficacy and self-esteem), one's orientation to African American culture (racial identity and world view), and one's orientation to dominant culture (perceptions of racism/oppression and acculturation), in the formation of a culturally specific coping mechanism. The purpose of the present study is to conduct preliminary research focused on empirical validation of the construct of learned effectiveness, while contributing to a body of literature on positive copy styles of African Americans. This study seeks to establish construct and criterion validity for learned effectiveness as well as investigate intragroup variability on measures of this construct. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: African Americans; Learned Effectiveness
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Conference (Washington, DC, Augusut 14-18, 1992).