ERIC Number: ED367175
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Turkish Language Reform in a Language Planning Framework: Its Impact on Language Use of Turkish Cypriot High School Students.
Turkish language reform began as a language simplification effort by literary figures of the late 19th century, gathering momentum in the 1920s and 1930s to become a large-scale planning activity to save Turkish from domination by foreign influences. Change in script was easy due to low literacy rates, but purification of the lexicon, by stylistic simplification and lexical modernization, was always controversial. Reformers followed four strategies for finding authentic Turkish substitutes for foreign borrowings. A recent study in two Cyprus high schools investigated language usage in relation to Turkish language reform efforts and to assess results of some of the language-related educational policies. A total of 213 students from English-medium and Turkish-medium classes were surveyed and tested on their knowledge of reform-based Turkish neologisms taken from daily newspapers, and their written compositions were analyzed for language usage. In addition, teachers and administrators were interviewed about their views on teaching and using the Turkish language. Results suggest that although Turkish language reform reshaped the language, it is now a much reduced effort, little reinforced in policy implementation in general and specifically in Cypriot schools. Further language planning is recommended. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Neologism; Turkey
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Applied Linguistics (1993).