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ERIC Number: ED367014
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Japanese Nonverbal Communication: A Review and Critique of Literature.
McDaniel, Edwin R.
The growth of intercultural interactions increases the need for nonverbal communication competency to help obviate potential cross cultural communication difficulties. Foreign language studies too often concentrate on vocabulary, grammar, and syntax, and forgo the role and methods of nonverbal communication. Japanese culture and modes of communication present excellent opportunities to examine a society that emphasizes nonverbal behavior. In Japan, an accomplished nonverbal communicator is held in high esteem. Extensive previous research on Japanese indicates how Japanese culture plays an important role in shaping nonverbal communication activities. The Japanese sense of Confucian-based collectivism exerts a large influence on their communication patterns. The quest for social harmony profoundly informs communicative actions. Japanese nonverbal codes can be classified under nine specific groupings: body language (kinesics); eye behavior and facial expressions; proxemic behavior; touch (haptics); appearance; space and time; smell (olfactics); vocalics (paralanguage); and silence. Much research has studied these individual classifications, showing that nonverbal language behavior is intrinsic in Japanese society to an extent far surpassing its use in Western cultures. The effects of social evolution and the inherent difficulties of the Japanese language necessitate continued study of this expanding field of research. (Contains 80 references.) (HB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Communication Patterns; Communication Styles; Japanese People
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speec