ERIC Number: ED366952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Writing of Non-English Background Students--Introduction and Part 1: The Study of Latino-Background Students. Final Report.
A study investigated the writing of incipient bilinguals (students who were in the initial process of acquiring a second language). A total of four Latino children were chosen for final, in-depth study over a 2 year-period at three middle schools in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. Data included initial interviews and observations, assessments of English language proficiency, classroom and school observations, written products produced inside and outside of school, and interviews with students and school personnel. Results indicated that: (1) a strong relationship existed between the development of other areas of language proficiency and the development of written language abilities; (2) instruction and teacher expectations were directly related to the opportunities that students had to develop their written language abilities; and (3) in 2 years even students who started at zero English reached the point where they could carry out speech acts in writing; and (4) growth took place slowly and in small steps. (Numerous student writing samples are included; assessment questionnaires and procedures used for assessing English language proficiency are attached.) (RS)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Case Studies, Educational Background, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Hispanic Americans, Intermediate Grades, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, Language Proficiency, Limited English Speaking, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Non English Speaking, Second Language Learning, Spanish Speaking, Writing Achievement, Writing Improvement, Writing Instruction, Writing Research
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for the Study of Writing and Literacy, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers: California (San Francisco Bay Area); Latinos; Writing Development
Note: For part 2 of this study (dealing with Chinese students), see CS 214 199.