ERIC Number: ED366813
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov-19
Reference Count: N/A
Moral Orientation, Gender, and Salary.
Manning, Roger W.
A study examined the relationship among gender, moral orientation, and pay. Although the participants were about equal in terms of gender, 48 males and 53 females, males tended to hold higher degrees. The researcher hypothesized that salaries would be differentiated based on gender and moral orientation. Assumptions were that care-oriented males would earn less than justice-oriented males; justice-oriented females would earn less than either justice- or care-oriented males; and care-oriented females would earn the least of the four groups. Findings indicated that males' salaries were undifferentiated by moral orientation. Both justice- and care-oriented males earned nearly the same mean salaries; justice-oriented females' mean salaries were less than males'; and the mean salary of care-oriented females was less than that of justice-oriented females. Females' salaries were influenced by their moral orientation, but males' were not. Although continuing educators said they preferred care-oriented applicants, in practice they favored justice-oriented females or males of either moral orientation. These findings suggested a bias against hiring care-oriented females, those who were traditionally oriented. (Appendixes include 16 references and 6 tables.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Dallas, TX, November 19, 1993).