ERIC Number: ED366748
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov-19
Reference Count: N/A
Learning: Meeting the Challenges of Older Adulthood.
Wolf, Mary Alice
Erik Erikson's model (1963, 1982) is most useful to an understanding of development and aging. He describes lifelong growth as related to tasks that must be performed. At each stage of life, times of stability are followed by developmental crises. Upon resolving the crisis, the individual can enjoy the particular beauty and security of that psychosocial stage and go on to the next. Robert Kegan (1982) points out that the developing person needs confirmation in times of transition. Educational environments should be able to "hold" older people and provide the support to encourage growth. The origin of the concept of reminiscence as a life task is the work of geriatrician Robert Butler, who developed the theory that reminiscence in older persons was a natural and universal process of "life review." Another aspect of "task" theory is the changing nature of one's femininity or masculinity. Adult educators must be concerned with the concept of "wellness." Adults who fear growing old would benefit from education about successful aging, covering cognitive functioning, muscular capacity, and nutrition. The concept of locus of control, also called autonomy, refers to decision making throughout one's lifespan. When given responsibility, older persons respond with physical and psychological improvement and a greater feeling of wellness. Educators need to provide opportunities for older adults to connect with and contribute to others so that they do not lose their creative inclinations. (Contains 41 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Life Review
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Dallas, TX, November 19, 1993).