ERIC Number: ED366731
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Employment-Based Training in Japanese Firms in Japan and in the United States: Experiences of Automobile Manufacturers.
An economic theory of training holds that training in technical skills and training in employment relations (namely, information reliability or the ability to quickly and reliably disseminate information among the members of the firm) reinforce each other. This theory is an organizing framework for understanding some practices at Japanese firms in Japan and in the United States. The theory stresses the link between school and training. Japanese firms enjoy a favorable environment for training. Technical training is facilitated by the low degree of heterogeneity in, and the high level of, basic skills that new employees bring from schools. Recruitment of new graduates relies heavily on recommendations of selected schools to homogenize the work force in terms of basic skills, attitude toward working and learning, and personality. Such Japanese practices as team-based production, training of young workers by experienced employees, and training by job rotation expedite the diffusion of knowledge, skills, and information within a Japanese firm. These practices, a reflection of investment in information reliability, result in a compliant and productive work force in Japanese firms. The Japanese training approach has been adapted in some Japanese automobile plants in the United States. In addition to building a homogeneous work force, these plants share another common experience: newly hired employees must be trained from scratch in elementary skills. (Appendixes include 41 references, 58 endnotes, profiles of selected Japanese automobile manufacturers, a description of the hiring process at Toyota, 4 figures, and 3 tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Developed Nations, Education Work Relationship, Educational Cooperation, Employment Practices, Foreign Countries, Individual Development, Institutional Cooperation, Job Skills, Labor Force Development, Manufacturing, On the Job Training, Personnel Policy, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Labor Research.
Identifiers: Automobile Industry; Japan