ERIC Number: ED366696
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Oct-19
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Reforms for Students At Risk: Cultural Dissonance as a Risk Factor in the Development of Students.
Gordon, Edmund W.; Yowell, Constance
This paper addresses the notion that persons at risk of failure to achieve an adequate education are in that position partly because of their social circumstances, i.e., their ethnicity, culture, language, or economic status. It discusses the impact of culture on what one does and how one does it, addresses the manner in which culture frames as well as enables one's feelings and thoughts concerning what one does, and examines the question of what mechanism of culture serves as the vehicle and context for human activity. Based on this analysis of cultural influences and their relationships regarding academic achievement, several implications for educational reform are examined covering: (1) the limitations of reform in school governance alone; (2) the limitations of the manipulation of standards and accountability based on educational achievement tests data; (3) the applicability of principles of social justice, i.e., the distribution of equity; (4) the pedagogical principles of adaptability and complementarity; and (5) concern for diversity, pluralism, context, and perspective. (Contains 26 references.) (GLR)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Acculturation, Cultural Influences, Dropout Prevention, Economically Disadvantaged, Ethnic Groups, High Risk Students, Majority Attitudes, Minority Groups, Multicultural Education, School Holding Power, School Role, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Withdrawal (Education)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reform Efforts
Note: Paper commissioned for At-Risk Evaluation. For a related document, see UD 029 719.