ERIC Number: ED366538
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Education: The Carrier of Cultural Development. Contribution of Education to Cultural Development.
Dubbeldam, L. F. B.
This document examines the role of education in cultural development. Culture itself is difficult to define, but involves behavior that is shared, transmitted, imitated, adapted, and altered within a society. Each social group has a cultural identity--that core of concepts, ideas, values, behavior, and purposes by which members of the group identify themselves and distinguish themselves from other groups. Education is the process by which a newborn becomes an integrated member of the community and it is the main agent of transfer of culture through the generations. Education guarantees the continuation of culture. In earlier times, where central governments managed schools, the governments dictated curriculum and the curriculum reflected the culture of the center of power. The norms and values of formal education can strengthen the cultural identity of the learners. Non-formal education may offer an alternative form of teaching and can be used to impart specific skills for employment or social development. Informal education may be even better, as it requires lower expenses while tapping knowledge, skills, and ideas that would otherwise be overlooked. Formal teaching should be supported by informal education, or the official values and skills that the schools teach may come off second best to what pupils learn in informal circuits. (Contains 30 references.) (SG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Cultural Values
Note: Paper presented at the United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization International Conference on Education (Geneva, Switzerland, September 14-19, 1992). Forty-third Session. For related documents, see SO 023 754-762.