ERIC Number: ED366466
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Oct
Reference Count: 0
When Work Was Its Own Reward: A Swedish Study from the Perspective of Women's History, of the Kindergarten Teacher as Public Educator. Reprints and Miniprints from Department of Educational and Psychological Research. No. 792. Summary of a Doctoral Thesis, Malmo School of Education, University of Lund, 1991.
Broman, Ingegerd Tallberg
This report summarizes a doctoral thesis defended and published in Swedish in 1991 at the Malmo School of Education, University of Lund. The thesis examined the preconditions necessary for the development of a new profession in Sweden for the education and care of young children in the 19th century. These preconditions led to the creation, in the early 20th century, of kindergartens for working-class Swedish families. The study focused on the period 1904-1944, from the origin of the first privately-funded kindergarten for the working-class, until the beginning of state provision of kindergarten education. The work and lives of Ellen and Maria Moberg, who founded the first kindergarten, and a training school for kindergarten teachers known as the Froebel Institute, are also chronicled. The thesis concludes that kindergarten teaching developed as a female profession due to its association with child rearing and home life. The kindergarten could also be seen as a well-arranged home for children or, by its critics, as a provocation to the sovereignty of the family. To reform-minded liberals in the early 20th century, kindergarten was viewed as an instrument for changing and improving home life and child-rearing practices among the working class. (MDM)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ. (Sweden). Malmo School of Education.