ERIC Number: ED366148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Community-Based Approaches for Individuals with Mental Handicap: An African Experience.
Brouilette, Ron; Mariga, Lilian
This booklet addresses issues concerning community-based rehabilitation (CBR) services for people with mental handicaps, especially in Africa. The first section explains CBR services, with subsections on overcoming exclusion, a definition, normalization and community participation, family participation, CBR and mental handicap projects in Africa, service user participation, advantages and disadvantages of CBR, structure and activities of CBR, and the relationship between primary health care and CBR. The next section considers ways to include people with mental handicaps in CBR projects. These include: community integration through increasing public acceptance, developing and using individual functional curricula and methods, inclusion in local preschools and schools, and inclusion in local employment and housing. Next, specific strategies for developing CBR services are addressed, among which are a public awareness campaign, establishment of a local committee, networking with local services, personnel training, recreational activities, and development of a volunteer corps. The fourth section considers evaluation of CBR services. It addresses establishing baselines, determining outcome measures, measuring cost effectiveness, and establishing evaluation criteria. A section on resources offers guidance on obtaining help and funding. The last section briefly considers the need for research. Two appendices include a CBR checklist and addresses of resources in CBR. (Contains 51 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Community Programs, Community Services, Delivery Systems, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Mental Disorders, Mental Retardation, Normalization (Disabilities), Program Development, Program Evaluation, Rehabilitation, Resources, Social Integration
International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap, 248 Avenue Louise, Box 17, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicaps, Brussels (Belgium).
Identifiers: Africa; Community Based Rehabilitation