ERIC Number: ED365647
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of American Education and Culture on Developing Nations: The Case of Iran.
Fereshteh, M. Hussein
This paper examines the strong relationship between American universities and Iranian institutions of higher education from 1960 to 1980 and beyond. A review of comparative literature indicates that these relationships have had a lasting impact on Iranian education. The paper begins with a brief history of education in Persia beginning around 700 B.C. The main body of the document outlines: (1) Iranian higher education policies and programs; (2) the nature of cross-cultural relations in higher education between Iranians and Americans including the work of American educational missionaries, educational advisors, academic and technical partnerships, and the experiences of Iranian students in the United States; and (3) the internal and external factors that affected these links. Contemporary educational outlooks derived from Shiah Islam, the predominant religion in Iran, are analyzed and interpreted; and confrontations regarding higher education among various types of Iranian secular, modernist, and traditional Muslim academicians are discussed. The paper concludes with some suggestions for improving current educational relationships between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran. (Contains 21 references.) (Author/LL)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cultural Influences, Cultural Interrelationships, Developing Nations, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Intercultural Communication, International Educational Exchange, Islamic Culture, Linking Agents, Muslims
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Iran; Persia; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society (Annapolis, MD, March 12-15, 1992).