ERIC Number: ED365642
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Oct-16
Reference Count: N/A
The U.S. and Japanese Education: Should They Be Compared?
Fereshteh, M. Hussein
When Japanese education is considered from a Western perspective, the stereotypical image seems to be that of a rigid, achievement-oriented, and traditional system, producing technologically-focused human beings. This presentation focuses on the human and cultural dimensions of Japanese society and on how Japanese children are motivated to achieve and surpass their American counterparts. A framework is provided for examining: (1) the complex cultural collaborations or interrelationships that exist in Japan among parents, schools, and society; (2) the society's cultural and philosophical bases, specifically, that human beings are a single, harmonious physical and mental unit defined by relationships with others (in contrast to the private, objective, individualistic values of the West); (3) the strong Japanese national identity which is reinforced by fundamental philosophic and moral principles and ethics; (4) the traditional role of the mother and her responsibilities as the main source of influence in the family; (5) the relationship between education and occupation; (6) the course of study in elementary schools; (7) the highly competitive entrance examinations required for a student to enter a high school or university; and (8) the nature of reform efforts in Japanese schools. (LL)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Admission (School), Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Education Work Relationship, Educational Philosophy, Elementary School Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Holistic Approach, Interpersonal Relationship, Motivation Techniques, Parent Responsibility, Parent Role, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Technological Advancement
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan; Japanese Education Today; Reform Efforts; United States
Note: Paper presented at Lehigh University's Conference on Education and Economics in Technologically Advancing Countries (Bethlehem, PA, October 16, 1992).