ERIC Number: ED365296
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Promoting High-Performance Computing and Communications. A CBO Study.
In 1991 the Federal Government initiated the multiagency High Performance Computing and Communications program (HPCC) to further the development of U.S. supercomputer technology and high-speed computer network technology. This overview by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) concentrates on obstacles that might prevent the growth of the high-performance computing and data communications industries. The market for supercomputers, relative to that of other technologies, is small. The main obstacle to the rise of large commercial markets for HPCC-developed technology is that cheaper workstations may preempt further growth of the supercomputer market as a whole. In addition, an economic inertia may occur, as conventional supercomputers, working well, become difficult to dislodge in the marketplace. The National Research and Educational Network (NREN) is central to the HPCC program. The ways in which Internet is becoming the core of a national data network promise well for HPCC in the future, but HPCC technology might be precluded from having a substantial effect on the current markets if demand for high-speed communications does not emerge as envisaged by HPCC leaders. Cost considerations and policy directions for HPCC are discussed. Five tables, six figures, and one box illustrate the discussion. Three appendixes discuss HPCC technology spinoffs and speed calculations. (SLD)
Descriptors: Computer Networks, Cost Effectiveness, Economic Factors, Educational Technology, Federal Government, Government Role, Marketing, Public Agencies, Public Policy, Systems Development, Technological Advancement, Telecommunications
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.
Identifiers: High Performance Computing; High Performance Computing Act 1991; Internet; National Information Systems; National Research and Education Network; Supercomputers; United States