ERIC Number: ED365185
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov-4
Reference Count: N/A
An Approach/Avoidance Behavioral Model of College Student Retention. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Eaton, Shevawn Bogdan; Bean, John P.
This study developed and estimated a conceptual model of student retention incorporating approach/avoidance behavioral theory with 262 first and second year students at a major midwestern research university. The study applied a theoretical model focusing on the influence of coping behavior on academic and social integration, student intentions, and departure. The model also evaluates the influence of approach/avoidance as a theoretical construct as well as the influence of particular approach/avoidance factors on academic and social integration. Analysis of the study questionnaire data indicated that: (1) the assumption that psychological theories can be used to enhance understanding of the retention process was supported, (2) psychological and sociological factors accounted for 37.7 percent of the variance in student retention, and (3) institutions can enhance student retention by developing programs that increase appropriate academic and social approach behaviors and reduce avoidance behaviors. An appendix contains a descriptions of the scales used in the study. (Contains 41 references.) (GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (18th, Pittsburgh, PA, November 4-10, 1993).