ERIC Number: ED365094
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Descriptors on Scales of Language Proficiency. NFLC Occasional Papers.
Theoretical issues underlying the development of scales of language proficiency are examined. First, a brief classification of scale types is presented, and problems identified in them and advantages they offer are outlined. Discussion then moves to the issues of describing and measuring language proficiency. In this section, behaviorally-based scales in work performance, the historical development of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages/Interagency Language Roundtable (ACTFL/ILR) proficiency guidelines, the utility of the Rasch model in rating framework development, and subjectivity in judgments and observed behavior ratings are discussed. A many-faceted version of the Rasch item-response theory model is suggested as an instrument that may aid in the mapping of behaviors onto a common metric while identifying different interpretation of the same descriptors by different types and groups of users. Contains about 250 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Classification, Communicative Competence (Languages), Evaluation Criteria, Item Response Theory, Language Proficiency, Measurement Techniques, Models, Rating Scales, Scoring, Standards, Test Use, Testing Problems
NFLC, Johns Hopkins University, 1619 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20036 ($5 prepaid).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Washington, DC. National Foreign Language Center.
Identifiers: ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines; Rasch Model