ERIC Number: ED364938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Closing the Gap: Acceleration vs. Remediation and the Impact of Retention in Grade on Student Achievement. The Commissioner's Critical Issue Analysis Series, Number 1.
Dill, Vicky Schreiber
This publication provides a review of the research on issues relating to the gap in achievement between high- and low-performing students, focussing specifically on the topics of retention in grade, remediation of students who are underachieving, and accelerated instruction. Following the executive summary and introductory material, three sections respond to the following questions: (1) Does retention work? If not, why not? (2) Does student remediation help? What kind, if any, helps close the gap? and (3) What helps students the most? Part 1 explains why grade retention does not work and why it persists. The second part describes what works and offers highlights of current efforts to reform Chapter 1 programs. Part 3 describes accelerated instruction, restructured environments, and teacher recruitment, preparation, and development as innovative ways to increase student achievement. Finally, the three most formidable predictors of failure for at-risk students are identified--deficit model schools, dysfunctional families, and a disengaged society. An extensive bibliography is included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Acceleration (Education), Educational Change, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Repetition, High Risk Students, Low Achievement, Remedial Instruction, Secondary School Students, Student Placement, Student Promotion
Texas Education Agency, Publications Distribution Office, 1701 North Congress Avenue, Austin, TX 78701-1494 ($2).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Education Agency, Austin.