ERIC Number: ED364919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Exposure to Pornography and Acceptance of Rape Myths: A Research Summary Using Meta-Analysis.
Allen, Mike; And Others
A study quantitatively summarized the literature examining the association between acceptance of rape myths and exposure to pornography to address disputes in the academic community regarding the consistency of such research. The entire collection of "Psychological Abstracts" and "Sociological Abstracts" was manually searched for articles relevant to pornography. A total of 22 studies (with 3,434 subjects): (1) used a stimulus that met the definition of pornography; (2) involved the use of some type of rape myth acceptance; and (3) reported sufficient statistical information to permit an estimate of the association between exposure to pornography and acceptance of the rape myth. Results indicated that survey methodology shows almost no effect (exposure to pornography does not increase rape myth acceptance), while experimental studies show positive effect (exposure to pornography does increase rape myth acceptance). While the experimental studies demonstrate that violent pornography has more effect than nonviolent pornography, nonviolent pornography still generates a positive effect. Overall, while the results are mixed, there exists an association, for those studies using an experimental methodology, between exposure to sexually arousing material and acceptance of the rape myth. (Two tables of data are included. Contains 90 references.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Media Exposure; Rape Myths
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (78th, Chicago, IL, October 29-November 1, 1992).