ERIC Number: ED364715
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Women Who Maintain Families. Facts on Working Women No. 93-3.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
In 1992, 12 million families were maintained by women in the United States--a figure that more than doubled since 1970 when there were only 5.6 million such families. They accounted for 14.8 percent of all families in 1980 and 17.6 percent in 1992. Women maintained 3.5 million Black families in 1992; this represented nearly half of all Black families in the United States. One of every four Hispanic-origin families was maintained by a woman. Women who maintain families were very active in the labor force. Single women with children under age 18 participated at a rate of 52.5 percent; widowed mothers, 61.4 percent; married mothers with absent spouses, 63.7 percent; and divorced mothers, 80.3 percent. Nearly 75 percent of employed women who maintained families with children under 18 worked full time. Families maintained by women had the lowest median income of all family types in 1991. Women who maintained families, especially those with children under age 18, had more serious socioeconomic problems than other women in the population, including higher unemployment and lower average educational attainment. The total number of families maintained by women below the poverty level increased from 3.0 million in 1980 to 4.2 million in 1991. Women in female-headed families followed similar employment patterns: working in technical, sales, and administrative support positions; many worked in such occupations as food, health, and cleaning and building service. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.