ERIC Number: ED364634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
An Assessment of Principal Attitudes toward Ability Grouping in the Public Schools of South Carolina.
Crosby, Margaree S.; Owens, Emma M.
The attitudes of principals toward ability grouping in the public schools of South Carolina were studied, emphasizing the degree to which principals feel that ability grouping contributes to the quality of education. Also examined were differences in attitudes of elementary school and secondary school principals (black and white, male and female, and experienced and inexperienced), and the contribution of the majority population of the school toward principal attitude. All principals in South Carolina public schools were asked to complete a questionnaire, and 514 replied. Data were analyzed by measures of central tendency, Pearson product-moment correlation, and chi square. Results indicate that principal attitudes cannot be construed as supporting ability grouping, and that there were no expressed differences for elementary school and secondary school principals. Years of experience, gender, race, and school composition do not affect principals' expressed attitudes. Principals generally express support for the statement that ability grouping is beneficial for minority students, but they also indicate that it often results in racially or ethnically identifiable tracks or groups, and that teacher expectations of poor or black students are often lower than those for other students. Thirteen tables present study findings. An appendix contains the survey form. (Contains 18 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Administrator Attitudes, Blacks, Educational Attitudes, Educational Discrimination, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Minority Group Children, Principals, Public Schools, Racial Composition, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Teacher Expectations of Students, Teaching Experience, Track System (Education), Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Clemson Univ., SC. Houston Center for the Study of the Black Experience in Higher Education.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: South Carolina