ERIC Number: ED364578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Report on Linking Study--Comparability across Assessments: Lessons from the Use of Moderation Procedures in England. Project 2.4: Quantitative Models To Monitor Status and Progress of Learning and Performance.
Burton, Elizabeth; Linn, Robert L.
Currently in the United States there is considerable interest in developing a system of examinations that is substantially different from the large-scale testing programs presently in use in this country. These new exams would involve a different form of assessment than current tests and would also enable greater local control over the assessments. Results of such exams would then need to be linked in some way to national standards in order to permit comparisons across schools and regions. This paper discusses some of the issues and problems involved in linking the results of such exams; studies and papers that describe experiences with linking results from the different examination boards in England provide the basis for the discussion. The two major approaches to linking exam results that have been used in England involve either the use of external exams and statistical linking methods, or judgmental audits. Advantages and problems of each of these approaches, and reasons that neither approach is satisfactory by itself, are discussed. Instead, some combination of the two would seem to be necessary. Such a system may involve use of external exams and statistical procedures to identify places where results of the exam used locally may be out of line with national standards. These cases could then be resolved by gathering additional information to determine whether the discrepancies were valid, or by performing some type of judgmental audit. (Contains 20 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.
Identifiers: England; Linking Exam Results; Linking Metrics; National Information Systems; United States