ERIC Number: ED364553
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
From Humanity to Utility: Melbourne University and Public Examinations 1856-1964.
Musgrave, P. W.
The interaction of a university and the society is described in a case study of the system of public examinations of Melbourne University in Victoria (Australia). The initial desire to guarantee the academic standards of college entrants grew into a system that also provided school leaving certificates for those not entering the university. Over a century of struggle between humanitarian and utilitarian attitudes to education is portrayed, showing how public opinion gradually pushed the education system further toward utilitarianism. The influence of the examination system on the entire educational system in Victoria is traced. The historical and cultural background of these examinations is described, focusing on the various interest groups involved and the cultural changes in the schools as a result of changes in the examination system. Seven appendixes present seven tables of statistics on examinations and university entrants for the period. (Contains 93 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Case Studies, College Bound Students, College Entrance Examinations, College School Cooperation, Educational Change, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Humanitarianism, Public Opinion, Public Schools, School Community Relationship, Test Use, Testing Programs, Universities
Australian Council for Educational Research, Ltd., 9 Frederick Street, P.O. Box 210, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122, Australia ($65).
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.
Identifiers: Australia; Public Examinations (Australia); University of Melbourne (Australia); Utilitarianism