ERIC Number: ED364378
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Dimensions of Aboriginal Over-Representation in Correctional Institutions and Implications for Crime Prevention = La surrepresentation des autochtones dans les etablissements correctionnels et ses repercussions sur la prevention du crime.
Written in English and French, this report focuses on the relationship between the demographic characteristics of aboriginal inmates in Canadian correctional institutions and those of registered Indians residing in urban areas, particularly inner-city areas. Correctional data show that the proportion of aboriginal people in institutions has not decreased in any significant way over the past decade, that aboriginal inmates are predominately status Indians who committed crimes in urban areas (particularly Western cities), and that aboriginal crime (particularly violent crime) appears to be disproportionate to nonaboriginal crime both on- and off-reserve. Aboriginal crime rates were higher on reserves than in urban areas, while incarceration rates were higher in urban areas, suggesting that reserve communities find alternative responses to crime and disorder. With some regional variation, on-reserve registered Indians were lower in educational attainment and virtually all other socioeconomic indicators than other aboriginal groups, except for those in inner cities. Limited data suggest that inner-city Indians may be the most disadvantaged and dysfunctional of all aboriginal groups. Findings suggest that socioeconomic status may be a more potent predictor of incarceration than is race, and that attention should be shifted from the criminal justice system to examining and understanding aboriginal people in urban areas and contemporary aboriginal communities. Implications for further research and crime prevention are briefly discussed. Contains 50 references. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Multilingual/Bilingual Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministry of the Solicitor General, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers: Canada; Criminal Justice System