ERIC Number: ED364331
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Developmental Differences in Engagement Style, Locus of Control, and Parent-Adolescent Relationships in African-American Families.
Hill, Nancy E.
A study examined age and sex differences in engagement style and locus of control and their influence on African-American parent-adolescent relationships. The study subjects were 71 students in 9th grade and 57 students in 11th grade from 4 high schools in a large midwestern city; 46 college freshmen attending a large midwestern university; and 46 sets of parents across the 3 age levels. Most of the participants (96%) were African-American, 3% were Hispanic; and 1% were White. Study findings included the following: (1) male students were significantly more externally controlled than female students; (2) with respect to engagement style, on a continuum between patient and agent, females' scores were significantly more "agent" than males; (3) college freshmen were more "agent" than 9th graders and were significantly more externally controlled than 11th graders; (4) college freshmen rated their mothers as more authoritative than did 11th graders; (5) college freshmen females scored higher than 9th grade females on expressiveness; (6) college freshmen scored lower than 9th graders on perceived control in their families; (7) males rated their fathers as more authoritative than did females; (8) females rated their families as higher on conflict than did males; and (9) responses from mothers and adolescents were significantly correlated on 7 of the 10 subscales, while responses from fathers and adolescents were significantly correlated on only 1 subscale. (AC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Black Students, Blacks, College Freshmen, Family Environment, Family Influence, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Individual Differences, Individual Power, Locus of Control, Parent Child Relationship, Parents, Personality Development, Self Concept, Sex Differences
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: African Americans; Engagement Style
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).