ERIC Number: ED363623
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Negotiating and Using Frames To Develop Specific Critical Thinking and Writing Skills.
Pritchard, Florence Fay
This paper is the introduction to a workshop session demonstrating how English and language-arts teachers can teach critical thinking and writing simultaneously to students in grades 4 through 14. It describes how to transform specific skills into frames for critical thinking and writing such as: (1) explaining; (2) categorizing; (3) comparing and contrasting; (4) evaluating; (5) interpreting; (6) justifying with reasons; (7) applying principles; and (8) deriving propositions. Frame negotiation and use are explained, and the model underlying this approach is summarized. The methodology is based on student and teacher negotiation of the thinking steps that implement particular critical thinking skills. This methodology helps students acquire and internalize the skills and transfer them to new situations. Ways in which English and language-arts teachers can use the frames approach within their own curricula and through their own writing assignments are considered. Twenty-three figures illustrate the discussion. (Contains 8 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Classification, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Critical Thinking, Curriculum Development, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, English Instruction, Higher Education, Language Arts, Language Teachers, Models, Secondary School Students, Skill Development, Teaching Methods, Transfer of Training, Workshops, Writing Skills
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Framing (Critical Thinking); Negotiation Processes
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Center for Critical Thinking (August 1-4, 1993).