NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

ERIC Number: ED363032
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Special Education in Pakistan.
Sultana, Qaisar
This paper briefly describes the current status of special education in Pakistan, noting its relatively brief history, the lack of incidence figures, the administrative organization and structure, personnel preparation, the role of nongovernmental organizations, and the recognition of four categories of disability: mental retardation, physical handicaps, visual impairments, and hearing impairments. The paper notes that special education in Pakistan is under the authority of the Ministry of Health; special education services are based on English models; more private than public schools provide special education; all special education teachers hold a graduate degree (most in psychology); a prerequisite for special education teacher education is a graduate degree; all special education teachers are federal employees and work on a 12-month contract; there are presently no plans for mainstreaming though mainstreaming is a goal in the Five Year Plan; and volunteerism is high. Figures illustrate the organizational model and administrative structure of special education in the country. (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Pakistan
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Co