ERIC Number: ED363021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Stroop Effect in English: Evidence for Enhanced Attentional Control in Deaf Bilinguals.
This study investigated the Stroop effect with deaf and hearing bilingual individuals and whether there is a positive relationship between the Stroop effect and English language proficiency of deaf bilinguals. The Stroop effect refers to the interference caused by incongruent semantic information in naming colors (e.g., when subjects must name the ink color of the word "red" printed in green ink). Subjects were 16 congenitally, severe to profoundly deaf American college students who were fluent in sign language. In addition eight hearing fluent signers were also tested. The response times and accuracy on a color-word matching task were evaluated. Both deaf and hearing signers showed the expected general Stroop effect. However, deaf signers were better than hearing signers in suppressing interference created by incongruent lexical information. The magnitude of the Stroop effect was not related to English reading skills in deaf students. (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Stroop Effect
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Atlanta, GA, April 12-16, 1993).