ERIC Number: ED362859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Journalism's First Textbook: Creating a News Reporting Body of Knowledge.
An analysis of five journalism books published between 1867 and 1911 provides journalism and mass communication educators and textbook authors with insight into what their earliest predecessors considered important. Strong arguments exist for each of the following five books to receive consideration as the first or oldest news reporting textbook to be turned out by an American publishing house: (1) "Haney's Guide to Authorship" (Jesse Haney, 1867); (2) "Hints to Young Editors" (by an Editor, 1872); (3) "Steps into Journalism" (Edwin Shuman, 1894); (4) "The Writing of News" (Charles Ross, 1911); and (5) "The Practice of Journalism" (Walter Williams and Frank Martin, 1911). "Haney's Guide" is the first based on age; "Hints" is the first based on intent; "Steps" is the first based on content; and the last two are first based on the authors' status as college educators. The subject of journalism education did not appear to be an issue of keen intent for the 1800s authors. Ross, Williams, and Martin were concerned with justifying the existence of journalism education by demonstrating that only the best, most acceptable newspaper methods were being taught. On reporting method, all five books were in agreement on most of the fundamentals of good writing and on the concept of objectivity. Between 1867 and 1911, the image of the field of journalism and journalism education improved--but journalism's body of knowledge continued to rely on the same principles that had always been criticized as anti-intellectual and overly technical. (Contains 33 references and 41 footnotes.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalism Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (76th, Kansas City, MO, August 11-14, 1993).