ERIC Number: ED362609
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
School Age Demographics: Recent Trends Pose New Educational Challenges. Briefing Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
This report presents results of an investigation of the economic and demographic characteristics of school-age children in families and changes in these characteristics between 1980 and 1990. The information was requested in connection with the reauthorization of Chapter 1 of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. A particular focus was on national and state profiles of children in families with incomes below the poverty level. The analysis of decennial census data identified demographic changes that may have important implications for Chapter 1. For example, the school-age population declined by 2.3 million in the 1980s, but the number of poor school-age children increased by about 6 percent to 7.6 million, and became more racially and ethnically diverse. This population has become more concentrated in the West and Southwest, but significant concentrations of school-age poor remain in the South. The poor school-age population has also become more concentrated in cities. With no changes in Chapter 1 allocation formulas, these patterns will substantially affect the distribution of program funds. Other trends have been identified that impact other federal education programs such as the Bilingual Education Act. Five appendixes contain 32 tables and 32 figures presenting demographic information and characteristics of school-age children. (SLD)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Census Figures, Children, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Family Problems, Financial Problems, Low Income Groups, National Surveys, Poverty, Racial Differences, School Demography
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers: Bilingual Education Act 1984; Census 1980; Census 1990; Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1; Reauthorization Legislation