ERIC Number: ED362602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Work Experience Programs for At-Risk Adolescents: A Comprehensive Evaluation of "Earn and Learn."
Levinson, Judith L.; Felberbaum, Lisa
Outcomes of a longitudinal study of the Earn and Learn program are summarized. Earn and Learn was a work-experience program initiated in 1972 as a school-based, goal-oriented program for at-risk middle school students designed to increase their self-image and school performance. Two evaluation studies were carried out. One study focused on the effects of this program on student middle school performance. A second study investigated long-term effects of Earn and Learn on high school performance. Both studies used a pretest-posttest experimental-control group design, with 44 Earn and Learn students and 35 controls, and 61 Earn and Learn students and 51 controls, respectively. Parent feedback was also sought. Overall, no differences were found between Earn and Learn and control groups for achievement test data, report card grades, tardies, suspensions, and graduation rate. Compared to controls, Earn and Learn students had fewer middle school absences and higher grades in language arts and mathematics (although not significantly different); and in high school, Earn and Learn students earned significantly more credit hours. Parents generally responded favorably to most aspects of the program. As a result of the evaluation, the program was restructured with more explicit selection criteria and redesigned work experience, community service, and career awareness components. Eighteen tables present study findings. Appendixes contain criteria for selection, a referral form, and a fact sheet on the high school grading system. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Adolescents, Attendance, High Risk Students, High School Students, High Schools, Longitudinal Studies, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Parent Participation, Program Evaluation, Program Improvement, Suspension, Urban Schools, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Earn and Learn Program IL; Evanston School District IL
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Atlanta, GA, April 12-16, 1993). Appendix C contains marginally legible print.