ERIC Number: ED362589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Newcomers in American Schools: Meeting the Educational Needs of Immigrant Youth.
McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Hill, Paul T.
The United States is experiencing a wave of immigration unprecedented since the early 1900s. This report examines the schooling needs of immigrant students, assesses how well those needs are being met, and suggests strategies for improving schooling outcomes for immigrants. Immigrant education is examined as a political issue and as a challenge facing overburdened school systems. Data were collected from a purposive sample of 8 school districts and 55 schools. Six large urban districts that enroll the overwhelming majority of immigrant students nationally were included. A more detailed analysis was performed of the transcripts of 745 students in Los Angeles (California) schools, and 38 interviews were conducted with state-level policymakers across 6 states. Among the major conclusions is that immigrants, although they represent only a fraction of the nation's youth, are a growing population, heavily concentrated in a few areas of the country. Immigrant education is not a visible policy issue, and the needs of immigrant students are not generally recognized. The quality of schooling that immigrants receive depends on the capacity of the communities in which they live, and many have inadequate resources. Immigrant students have unmet needs that are unique to their newcomer status. Thirteen tables present study data. (Contains 55 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Needs, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Immigrants, Minority Group Children, Needs Assessment, Outcomes of Education, School Districts, School Role, Student Needs, Urban Schools
RAND Corporation, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: Language Minorities; Los Angeles Unified School District CA; United States
Note: Support also provided by the Program for Research on Immigration Policy.