ERIC Number: ED362576
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
An Outcome Study of the M.I.C.A.S. Summer '84 School: Adaptation and Adjustment of Khmer Refugee Children in the United States.
Stephen, Lynn; And Others
This study evaluated the adaptation and adjustment processes of 28 Khmer children (aged 10 to 15 years) in the Boston (Massachusetts) area in a summer school setting provided by the Metropolitan Indochinese Children and Adolescent Services (MICAS). Using the Children's Acculturation Problem Index and the Children's Alienation Scale, supplemented with classroom observations and feedback from teachers and counselors, MICAS discovered an inverse relationship between adjustment and adaptation. As these Khmer children become more adapted to their environment, they become less well-adjusted. This conclusion has profound implications for existing services since most are geared toward the acquisition of English and basic survival skills that facilitate adaptation. Adaptation is defined as external functioning by which behavioral changes are undertaken to cope with changing environmental circumstances. Adjustment involves emotional and cognitive changes, and is mostly the product of internal functioning. Adaptation difficulties arise mostly from poor English fluency, while adjustment depends on other factors such as past experiences, refugee status, and physical and financial security. The summer school program, the research methods employed, and the interpretation of data and results are extensively discussed. Seven tables present study findings, and one appendix contains a detailed program description. Instruments used in the study are included in English versions with Khmer translations. (Contains 44 references.) (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Adjustment (to Environment), Adolescents, Alienation, Cambodians, Children, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Immigrants, Laotians, Limited English Speaking, Outcomes of Education, Poverty, Refugees, Secondary School Students, Social Services, Summer Programs, Urban Areas
South Cove Community Health Center, 885 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Refugee Resettlement (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: South Cove Community Health Center, Dorchester, MA.
Identifiers: Adaptation Effect; Massachusetts (Boston)