ERIC Number: ED362441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
The Reform of Education in Romania: Conditions and Prospects.
Birzea, Cesar; And Others
This document analyzes the Romanian education system since the political changes of 1989. The objectives of the report are: (1) the analysis of the education condition, insisting on the obstructions that prevent the starting of the reform itself; (2) the analysis of the main developments in the educational system in the first three ears of the transition period; and (3) the elaboration of a new educational policy and of the reform strategy in the field of education. The analysis states with the premise that after many years of underestimation and lack of sufficient financial resources, Romanian education has reached a critical level beyond which the cultural and training level of the nation is threatened. By ignoring this risk, the present generation assumes a tremendous responsibility for the future of the generation to follow. The first three years of the transition period were marked by lack of a coherent policy in the educational field. Immediate corrective measures adopted in response to different pressure groups were aimed at eliminating the most obvious effects of communist education. A new education policy is needed. The chapter on education policy within the transition context suggests that transition is a process of social learning, individual and collective emancipation, and having a psychological and moral dimension. The real factors blocking the reform are not financial or political, but mainly related to human resources. Education must become a key factor of social change. The study analyzes blocking factors such as education policy, self-knowledge, knowledge, human resources, management, finances, and design capabilities. (DK)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, Social Action, Social Change
Institute for Educational Sciences, 37 Stirbel Voda Street, Bucharest RO 70732 Romania.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Ministry of Education, Bucharest (Romania). Inst. for Educational Sciences.