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ERIC Number: ED362374
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Humpty Dumpty Reconsidered: Seeing Things Whole in Outward Bound.
Horwood, Bert
For education to make a lasting difference in people's lives, it must touch all dimensions of being human in ways that are integrated or holistic. Content and instructional methods, such as those of Kurt Hahn and Charity James, that are based on images of the intact human being see things whole from the beginning. But our school experience and the dominant influence of reductionist thought make it nearly impossible to avoid fragmenting program content and delivery. Restoring the wholeness to the fragments is difficult. Long-term observation of students in Outward Bound and other adventure programs suggests that six factors have the power to cut across the separateness of program components. These transcendent factors are: (1) active student experience with the subject phenomenon; (2) student experience of the complete process; (3) student perception that the experience is authentic or relevant to the real world (regardless of the objective reality of the problem situation); (4) student responsibility and exposure to the natural consequences of decisions and actions; (5) challenge, pain, or fear that causes students to draw on every conceivable resource; and (6) sense of community. In terms of educational significance, students' emotions and beliefs count as much as their knowledge. In this connection, there is an unresolved debate in adventure education about how to develop the spiritual dimension of courses while respecting the various beliefs that students hold. (SV)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Outward Bound; Program Characteristics