ERIC Number: ED362291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Infant Behavior in Social and Nonsocial Situations: Fear vs Shyness.
Rieser-Danner, Loretta A.; Baran, Joan
This study attempted to distinguish between the ambivalent response of shyness and the more potent negative affect of fear in infancy. Sixty infants between 9 and 12 months of age participated in two laboratory situations: a nonsocial situation involving the presentation of a mechanical toy; and a social situation involving a standardized stranger approach. A shyness response was defined as the behavior of gaze aversion accompanied by the facial expression of joy, interest/joy, or interest/fear. Shyness blends were exhibited more frequently in the social situation than in the nonsocial situation, and more frequently than the fear/terror expression in the social situation. Fear/terror expressions were exhibited more frequently in the nonsocial situation than in the social situation and more frequently than the shyness response in the nonsocial situation. (Author/MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Negative Affect
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).