ERIC Number: ED362201
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Classifying Interaction for Emerging Technologies and Implications for Learner Control.
Schwier, Richard A.
A classification scheme for multimedia interaction is described based on the degree of control and type of cognitive engagement experienced by learners in prescriptive, democratic, and cybernetic independent learning environments. Reactive, proactive, and mutual levels of interaction and their associated functions and transactions are discussed. Principles for designing interactive multimedia instruction emerging from this classification are discussed, along with current research on learner control. The classification is temporal and developmental. As levels of interaction are ascended by the instructional designer and reflected in the design of interaction, the amount of control abdicated to the learner changes. As instructional design theory advances, the categories offered will probably evolve. Four figures illustrate the discussion. (Contains 42 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Classification, Computer Assisted Instruction, Cybernetics, Democracy, Diagnostic Teaching, Educational Environment, Educational Technology, Independent Study, Instructional Design, Interaction, Interactive Video, Learner Controlled Instruction, Models, Multimedia Instruction, Programmed Instruction, Technological Advancement
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interactive Systems; Multimedia Materials; Student Engagement
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (15th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 13-17, 1993); see IR 016 300.